Archive for July 2nd, 2011

United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child

Posted on July 2, 2011. Filed under: United Nation Convention on the Rights of a Child | Tags: , |

The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child

  • Signed by Japan on September 21st, 1990
  • Ratified by the Diet on April 22nd, 1994

According to the UNCRC

1) Children shall not be separated from one parent against their will.

2) Children shall have the right to maintain contact with both parents.

3) When separation occurs that state will provide the left behind parent with information about their child.

4) Children have the right to preserve their nationality.

5) If deprived of their nationality (taken to another country) the state must help to quickly re-establish their nationality.

Full Text of Convention

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What The Hague Convention does and does not do

Posted on July 2, 2011. Filed under: Hague Convention | Tags: |

The Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction Does:

* Determine Jurisdiction for Determination of Custody Based on Habitual Residence of the Child.

* Include Safeguards to Ensure the Child’s Physical and Emotional Welfare.

* Guarantee the Child Access to Both Parents throughout All Proceedings.

* Protect All Children Regardlesss of Nationality

Does Not:

* Require the Return of a Child to a Potentially Dangerous Environment.

* Automatically Grant Custody to Non-Abducting Parent.

* Instigate Criminal Charges Against the Abducting Parent.

* Discriminate on the Basis of Nationality or Gender.

Full text of the Convention

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